Shedding Light into the History of the Louvre Museum
The Louvre museum is one of the most famous museums in the world. As per the 2015 Museum Index and the Theme Index, more than 8.7 million people have visited the museum and it is the highest number of visitors for any museum in the world in the year. The Louvre was followed by the National Museum of China (7.3 million visitors), the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (6.9 million visitors), and the British Museum (6.8 million visitors). What’s more, about 7.7 million people visited the museum in the year 2016.
Why is Louvre so Famous
You might be wondering why the museum is so famous, if you were planning to take part in Louvre museum tours. The museum houses many world famous works of art together with more than 35,000 objects that are exhibited in the museum. The paintings exhibited in the museum include all European School from thirteenth century to 1848. The famous paintings include the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci and ‘Liberty Leading the People by Eugene Delaroix, which was made to commemorate the French Revolution.
The near Eastern antiquities department of the museum has famous articles like the Code of Hammurabi about which you may have studied in your history classes. The department of Roman, Greek, and Etruscan antiquities has the Venus de Milo, which is one of the moist famous Greek sculptures. Other important artworks that are exhibited in the museum include the Renaissance period sculptures of Michelangelo.
The History of the Museum
The castle of Louvre was built in 1190 and the construction was done under the reign of King Philippe Auguste. In 1546, Francis I demolished the castle to make a royal residence. Monarchs in the later years added things to the royal residency and the building ceased to function as the royal residency when Louis XIV moved the court to Versailles in the year 1682.
The plan to change the royal residency to an art museum came in the 18th century and the building was opened to the public in 1793. The complete building was remodeled in the 1980s and 1990s period to offer improved access to the visitors. The Louvre museum also has a satellite edition that is located in the French town of Lens. Another branch is also made on the Saadiyat Island, off the coast of Abu Dhabi.